Global Aircraft -- AMX
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AMX Specifications
Primary Function: Light bomber, Fighter
Contractor: Alenia, Aermacchi (Italy) and Embraer (Brazil)
Crew: One
Unit Cost: N/A
  Rolls Royce Spey MK 807 turbofan engine at 11,023 lb (take-off thrust)
Length: 44 ft, 6 in (13.58 m)
Wingspan: 29 ft (8.84 m)
Height: 14.92 ft
Empty: 14,638 lb
Maximum Takeoff: 28,660 lb
Sensors: FIAR Pointer range-only radar, RWR, Balistic Bombsight
Ceiling: 42,650 feet
Range: 1,323 miles [552 miles Combat radius]
  Cannon: M61A1 20mm Vulcan, AIM-9L Sidewinder, Kormoran, ELT-555 jamming pod, Belouga, M117 750kg bomb
Service Life
First Flight: May 15, 1984 (prototype)
May 1988 (AMX)
End of Service: N/A
Number Built: [~317 total]

AMX Achievements
No known major achievements

AMX Features
The AMX International AMX "Ghibli" was designed to serve as a surface attack aircraft for battlefield interdiction, close air support and reconnaissance missions. It is built by the AMX International joint venture, and is designated the A-1 in the Brazilian Air Force.

The AMX is capable of operating at high subsonic speed and low altitude, by day or night, and if necessary, from bases with poorly equipped or damaged runways. Low IR signature and reduced radar equivalent cross-section help prevent detection, while low vulnerability of structure and systems aid survivability. Integrated ECM, air-to-air missiles and nose-mounted guns provide self-defence capabilities.

AMX Background
In 1977, the Italian Air Force issued a requirement for a strike fighter to replace its Aeritalia G.91 and some of its F-104 Starfighters. Rather than competing for the contract, Aeritalia (now Alenia Aeronautica) and Aermacchi agreed to make a joint proposal, as both firms had been considering the development of a similar class of aircraft for some years. Development work began in April 1978.

In March 1981, the Italian and Brazilian governments agreed on joint requirements for the aircraft, and Embraer was invited to join the partnership in July.

The first prototype flew on May 15 1984. Although it was lost on its fifth flight (killing its pilot), the test programme progressed reasonably smoothly otherwise. Production started by mid-1986, with the first examples delivered to the Italian and Brazilian air forces in 1989. Since then, some 200 AMXs have been built.

Italian AMX squadrons flew 252 combat sorties over Kosovo as part of Operation Allied Force, without a single loss.

AMX Photos

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